Increased Spine and Lower Back Protection
Perhaps the most substantial benefit of using a lifting belt is its ability to keep your lower back tight and secure during heavy lifts. Injury to the lower back during Squats and Deadlifts is very common in the fitness community and using a belt almost completely negates the danger of injury to that area.
Better Core Activation
Along with Lower Back protection, using a lifting belt also encourages better core activation. With your core engaged, you will be able to lift heavier weight with less strain on your joints. Increased core activation is the main reason many lifters are stronger when using a belt, and the reason you won't see a powerlifter squatting or deadlifting without one during a competition.
The last major benefit of using a lifting belt is its ability to biomechanically adjust how the user lifts, leading to better form and a lower risk of injury. The belt's ability to keep the spine and lower back neutral leads to less back-rolling during deadlifts and less forward lean during squats. Having proper form is extremely important for any lifters longevity and injury-prevention
Reliance on the Belt
The largest drawback of using a lifting belt is over-reliance. Constantly lifting with a belt can lead to the belt becoming a crutch for the body instead of an aid. In addition, if your body becomes too reliant on the belt, lifting without a belt could lead to injury if the lift is not performed properly. In order to make sure your body doesn't become over-reliant, use a lifting belt only during heavier lifts.
Strain on Joints
Although a lifting belt allows you to lift heavier weight, that heavy weight can lead to strain on the joints. Sore joints can lead to major injuries and problems later in life, so caution when lifting heavy is crucial. It is imperative to have a lifting regimen that doesn't require lifting that your body can't handle, as well as allowing for ample recovery time.
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